Which means “Small Fortress” in Arabic, is a place of transit between “La Hoya de Málaga” and the Sierra. Its lands combine the fields that grow olive trees, fruits and grain with the majestic “Sierra Prieta”, whose highest point reaches 1.525 metres above sea- level. Alozaina is a place as equally abundant in archaeological remains, having been found signs of urban settlements from the secondary era, apart from the tombs with decorated vessels from the time of the Iberians. With the arrival of the Muslims, the watchtowers of Ardite and of Alozaina were constructed; these would become a small fortress, origin of the settlement that gave its name to the town. In 1484, the town is taken over by the troops of Los Reyes Católicos and repopulated by old Christians.
After the Moorish uprising of 1568, the town is looted and destroyed and it is not until April of 1942 that Alozaina is declared as an administrative council. The most emblematic places of this beautiful town to visit are the Church of Santa Ana, built in the Eighteenth Century; the castle and the park Mirador, declared Bien de Interés Cultural ; the tower of María Sagredo, principal remains of the ancient castle; and the Mozarabic necropolis and Shrine of El Hoyo de los Pereones, which dates from the Ninth and Tenth Centuries.
The most popular festivities are El Carnaval de la Harina in February Holy week, La Romería de La Santa Cruz al Jorox on the first weekend in May, the fair of Santiago and Santa Ana on the 25th and 26th of July and la Feria de la Aceituna around the 12th of September.
Gastronomically speaking the most typical dishes are el ajo porro frito con huevos, rabbit cooked in garlic and tomato, el gazpachuelo, cold garlic and almond soup, el malcacinado, el salmorejo and the cod pancakes.